Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is November 19th, 2018.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
2 days agomyb40 myb transcription factor40: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
3.04
GRMZM2G051256
Meng, C; Sui, N. 2018. Plant Physiol Biochem 135:167-173     Reference: December 17th, 2018
Variation: February 18th, 2011
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
2 days agobhlh10 bHLH-transcription factor 10: mutants affect root-hair length
 
   Wang, C-X et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14200     Reference: December 17th, 2018
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: December 17th, 2018
2 days agolrl3 ljrhl1-like3:
5.08
GRMZM5G832135
Hey, S et al. 2017. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/erx104   AT5G58010 (TAIR) Reference: April 12th, 2017
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Gene Model: December 17th, 2018
4 days agoagpsl1 ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase small subunit leaf1: leaf-specific
1.07
GRMZM2G163437
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: June 15th, 2012
4 days agosps1 sucrose phosphate synthase1: cDNA encodes a 1068 amino acid leaf protein; transgenic (E. coli) directs sucrose phosphate synthesis
8.06
   Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 15th, 2015
4 days agosut1 sucrose transporter1: mutant plants are deficient in leaf sucrose unloading to pholem; mature leaves hyperaccumulate carbohydrates and display leaf chlorosis with premature senescence
1.02
GRMZM2G034302
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: September 14th, 2013
Variation: April 16th, 2013
Gene Model: April 16th, 2013
4 days agosus1 sucrose synthase1: (was sus2, css1) sucrose synthase-1 (SUS1) of embryo and other tissues, compare sh1; SSRs phi016, 032, 042
9.04
GRMZM2G152908
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: October 25th, 2006
Variation: October 27th, 2014
Gene Model: August 12th, 2014
4 days agohak1 potassium high-affinity transporter1:
2.04
GRMZM2G093826
Qin, Y-J et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12756     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: December 15th, 2018
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2018
4 days agoagpll1 ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase large subunit leaf1AGPL4:
1.10
GRMZM2G391936
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2014
Variation: September 22nd, 2017
Gene Model: September 22nd, 2017
4 days agotpt1 triose phosphate translocator1: cDNA sequence similar to plant triosephospate/phosphate translocators
 
   Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
4 days agosweet13b sugars will eventually be exported transporter13b:
 
GRMZM2G021706
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
4 days agosweet13c sugars will eventually be exported transporter13c:
 
GRMZM2G179349
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
4 days agocbl1 calcineurin B-like1:
 
GRMZM2G107575
Qin, Y-J et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12756     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: October 19th, 2016
Gene Model: October 19th, 2016
4 days agocbl9 calcineurin B-like9:
 
GRMZM2G015324
Qin, Y-J et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12756     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: October 19th, 2016
Gene Model: October 19th, 2016
4 days agohak5 potassium high-affinity transporter5: mutants exhibit reduced K uptake and inhibited seedling growth
 
GRMZM2G084779
Qin, Y-J et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12756     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: December 15th, 2018
Variation: December 15th, 2018
Gene Model: December 15th, 2018
4 days agomex1 maltose excess protein1:
 
GRMZM2G156356
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: December 15th, 2018
Gene Model: December 15th, 2018
4 days agobmy3 beta-amylase3:
 
GRMZM2G347708
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 15th, 2018
4 days agocipk23 calcineurin B-like-interacting protein kinase3:
7.01
GRMZM2G013236
Qin, Y-J et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12756     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: August 25th, 2018
Gene Model: December 15th, 2018
4 days agosweet13a sugars will eventually be exported transporter13a:
10.03
GRMZM2G173669
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: December 28th, 2017
4 days agoss1 starch synthase I: single copy endosperm specific cDNA; encoded-protein cross-reacts with antibody to granule associated starch synthase I
9.02
   Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: October 7th, 2010
4 days agosus2 sucrose synthase2: Encodes sucrose synthase-2 (SUS2), one of 3 loci defined for this function; compare sh1 and sus1.
1.04
GRMZM2G318780
Ning, P et al. 2018. Agronomy 8:302     Reference: December 15th, 2018
Gene Product: October 25th, 2006
Variation: September 25th, 2014
Gene Model: August 3rd, 2013
5 days agoo2 opaque endosperm2: like o1; high lysine content; regulates b-32 protein (see rip1); reduced lysine degradation (lysine-ketoglutaric reductase); SSRs phi057, 112
7.01
   Pang, JL et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14193     Reference: December 14th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 6th, 2016
5 days agoumc1159  : candidate gene for kernel size (Peng et al., 2018)
7.01
GRMZM2G144726
Pang, JL et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14193     Reference: December 14th, 2018
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 4th, 2018
5 days agobhlh175 bHLH-transcription factor 175: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pang, JL et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14193   AT3G26744 (TAIR) Reference: December 14th, 2018
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
5 days agozag2 Zea AGAMOUS homolog2: amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA sequence, has 49% identity to Arabidopsis, floral homeotic gene product; expression restricted to female inflorescence; near ts4
3.05 - 3.05
   Pang, JL et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14193     Reference: December 14th, 2018
Gene Product: April 1st, 2011
Variation: October 22nd, 2014
6 days agopzb01111  :
10.04
       Variation: December 13th, 2018
6 days agoumc1045  : NCBI: probable serine/threonine-protein kinase PIX13
10.05
GRMZM2G142832
Matz, EC et al. 1992. MNL 66:107     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 13th, 2018
Gene Model: April 25th, 2017
9 days agoarpg1 acid phosphatase-regulating gene1: 082 mutant confers a P-efficient ability to plant. Overexpression of the gene significantly increased acid phosphatase activity and Pi concentration in maize leaves.
 
GRMZM2G041022
Yu, TT et al. 2018. Theor Appl Genet pp.doI: 10.1007/s00122-018-3257-5     Reference: December 10th, 2018
Variation: December 10th, 2018
Gene Model: December 10th, 2018
11 days agocptk1 chloroplast thymidine kinase1: Mutants have aberrant chloroplast DNA metabolism. Alice Barkan, 2011
 
GRMZM2G048821
Le Ret, M et al. 2018. Plant Physiol 178:1643-1656     Reference: December 8th, 2018
Variation: October 11th, 2018
Gene Model: September 6th, 2011
11 days agoemp12 empty pericarp12: mutant severely arrests embryo and endosperm development, causing embryo lethality
 
GRMZM2G023071
Sun, F et al. 2018. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery432     Reference: December 8th, 2018
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: December 8th, 2018
Gene Model: December 8th, 2018
12 days agolrs1 liguleless related sequence1: bzip90 locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
8.07
AC232238.2_FG004
Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: August 22nd, 2014
Gene Model: August 22nd, 2014
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 8th, 2008
12 days agolg1 liguleless1: In the liguleless1 mutant, ligule and auricle are missing; leaves are upright
2.01
   Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: December 18th, 2014
Variation: November 8th, 2007
12 days agolg2 liguleless2: like lg1, less extreme
3.06
   Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: August 22nd, 2014
Variation: August 20th, 2014
12 days agoos1 opaque-endosperm, small germ1: opaque crown; kernel larger, lighter color; viable; reduced oil content
2.00 - 2.04
   Song, WB et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12755     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: June 15th, 2018
Variation: December 6th, 2018
12 days agooy1 oil yellow1: seedling oily greenish-yellow; viable; fails to convert protoporphyrin IX to Mg-protoporphyrin; oy1-t tinged green; oy1-1039, oy1-1040 lethal; Oy1-700 dominant yellow-green; gene product confirmed by transgenic expression and genetic mapping.
10.02
   Khangura, RS et al. 2018. G3 pp.doi: 10.1534/g3.118.200798     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: June 8th, 2007
Variation: March 17th, 2011
12 days agomrp1 Myb related protein1: transforms aleurone cells into endosperm transfer cells and required to maintain transfer cell phenotype
8.05
   Song, WB et al. 2018. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12755     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
12 days agopmk1 Phosphomevalonate kinase1:
1.03
GRMZM2G019260
Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024     Reference: December 7th, 2018
Variation: March 9th, 2016
Gene Model: September 20th, 2016
12 days agodrl2 drooping leaf2: mutant enhances the phenotype of ifa1 mutants (a.k.a. drl1)
9.06
GRMZM2G102218
Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024   AT1G69180 (TAIR)
LOC_Os03g11600 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Variation: July 12th, 2017
Gene Model: October 16th, 2015
12 days agoifa1 indeterminate floral apex1: mutants have perturbed floral and inflorescence meristems as well as droopy leaves with increased angle
 
GRMZM2G088309
Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024   AT1G69180 (TAIR)
LOC_Os03g11600 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Variation: July 13th, 2017
Gene Model: October 16th, 2015
12 days agobrs1 brassinosteroid synthesis1:
1.03
GRMZM2G065635
Dzievit, MJ et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2018.05.0024   AT3G50660 (TAIR) Reference: December 7th, 2018
Gene Product: September 20th, 2010
Variation: November 7th, 2013
Gene Model: October 3rd, 2012
15 days agoms33 male sterile33:
2.09
GRMZM2G070304
Zhang, L et al. 2018. BMC Plant Biology pp.doi: 10.1186/s12870-018-1543-7   LOC_Os11g45400 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: December 4th, 2018
Gene Product: March 17th, 2018
Variation: December 4th, 2018
Gene Model: March 17th, 2018
15 days agobt2 brittle endosperm2: like bt1; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit; with sh2 complements E. coli glgC
4.05
   Boehlein, SK et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01849     Reference: December 4th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: December 4th, 2018
15 days agosh2 shrunken2: inflated, transparent, sweet kernels collapse on drying, becoming angular and brittle; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit (compare bt2); application: "supersweet" sweet corn - kernels sugar-sweet for long period
3.09
   Boehlein, SK et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01849     Reference: December 4th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: October 10th, 2014
17 days agogshs2 glutathione synthetase2:
3.05
GRMZM2G155974
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: December 2nd, 2018
Variation: September 25th, 2007
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
17 days agogshs1 glutathione synthetase1:
 
GRMZM2G437004
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: December 2nd, 2018
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agots6 tasselseed6: Recessive alleles have more than two florets per spikelet, and reversed germ orientation. Dominant Ts6 tassels are compact, pistillate to mixed and ears have irregular kernel placement.
1.11
GRMZM5G862109
Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: February 27th, 2017
Variation: December 4th, 2013
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
Recommended by George Chuck:
September 25th, 2007
18 days agobd1 branched silkless1: ear silkless with indeterminate branches at base; tassel proliferated, bushy
7.05
GRMZM2G307119
Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007   At5g18560 (TAIR)
LOC_Os01g21820 (MSU/TIGR)
Os07g0669500 (Gramene)
Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: July 27th, 2009
Variation: August 13th, 2011
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
18 days agogt1 grassy tillers1: numerous basal branches; vegetatively totipotent in combination with id1 and factors for perennialismputative transcription factor that reduces branching, and is induced by shade
1.04
GRMZM2G005624
Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: March 5th, 2012
Variation: August 18th, 2011
Gene Model: March 5th, 2012
18 days agora2 ramosa2: tassel many-branched, upright, not conical like ra1; irregular kernel placement
3.03 - 3.03
AC233943.1_FG002
Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007   AT5G63090 (TAIR)
LOC_Os01g07480 (MSU/TIGR)
Os01g0169400 (Gramene)
Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: July 27th, 2009
Variation: September 19th, 2009
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
18 days agotb1 teosinte branched1: many tillers; ear branches tassel-like; affects apical dominanceGRASSIUS: TCP transcription factor (TCP1)
1.09
   Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: February 2nd, 2017
18 days agotru1 tassels replace upper ears1: upper ear branches tassel-like, tillers bear ears
3.04 - 3.10
GRMZM2G039867
Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: December 17th, 2013
Variation: December 18th, 2013
Gene Model: December 17th, 2013
18 days agotga1 teosinte glume architecture1: glumes indurated, erect, long, boat-shaped; factor transferred from teosinte
4.05
GRMZM2G101511
Dong, ZB et al. 2018. Trends Genet pp.doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2018.10.007     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: December 18th, 2014
Variation: May 7th, 2015
Gene Model: October 28th, 2011
18 days agosfp1 sulfate permease1:
1.02
GRMZM2G159632
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: April 20th, 2018
Gene Model: February 3rd, 2015
18 days agoso1 sulfite oxidase1:
1.06
GRMZM2G114739
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: April 16th, 2013
Gene Model: April 16th, 2013
18 days agoaprl2 adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate reductase-like2:
2.07
GRMZM2G087254
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: October 10th, 2017
Variation: December 23rd, 2015
Gene Model: December 18th, 2015
18 days agosfp4 sulfate transporter4:
 
GRMZM2G154211
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: April 20th, 2018
Gene Model: November 13th, 2017
18 days agocys3 cysteine synthase3:
 
GRMZM2G003289
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agosqd1 sulfolipid biosynthesis1:
 
GRMZM2G053322
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: December 1st, 2018
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agocys4 cysteine synthase4:
 
GRMZM2G003289
    Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agocys5 cysteine synthase5:
 
GRMZM2G443985
    Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agocys7 cysteine synthase7:
 
GRMZM2G104237
    Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agocys6 cysteine synthase6:
9.02
GRMZM2G104269
    Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 1st, 2018
18 days agosir1 sulfite reductase1:
 
GRMZM2G090338
Xia, ZL et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:1680     Reference: December 1st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 26th, 2011
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
19 days agobx4 benzoxazinone synthesis4: endoplasmic reticulum P450 monoxygenase; synthesis of cyclic hydroxamates/DIMBOA; insect resistance in young seedlings; NAM SNP PHM1184
4.01
GRMZM2G172491
Huang, HL et al. 2018. Science of The Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.351     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: October 24th, 2011
Variation: October 27th, 2011
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
19 days agopbf1 prolamin-box binding factor1: endosperm cDNA, SSR umc1065
2.06
   Jin, X et al. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15614     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 20th, 2005
19 days agobx5 benzoxazinone synthesis5: endoplasmic reticulum monoxygenase; synthesis of cyclic hydroxamates/DIMBOA; insect resistance in young seedlings; SSR umc1276.
4.01
GRMZM2G063756
Huang, HL et al. 2018. Science of The Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.351     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: October 24th, 2011
Variation: October 27th, 2011
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
19 days agobx2 benzoxazinone synthesis2: endoplasmic reticulum P450 monoxygenase; synthesis cyclic hyroxamates/DIMBOA; insect resistance in young seedlings; SSR umc1164, umc1682
4.01
GRMZM2G085661
Huang, HL et al. 2018. Science of The Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.351     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: April 8th, 2013
Variation: October 27th, 2011
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
19 days agohyd3 hydroxylase3: beta-carotene hydroxylase
 
GRMZM2G152135
Jin, X et al. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15614     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: December 13th, 2011
Variation: September 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: April 9th, 2013
19 days agocyp13 cytochrome P450 13: encodes CYP97A
 
GRMZM5G837869
Huang, HL et al. 2018. Science of The Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.351     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: April 8th, 2013
Variation: July 8th, 2017
Gene Model: April 8th, 2013
19 days agocyp26 cytochrome P-450 26:
 
GRMZM2G087875
Huang, HL et al. 2018. Science of The Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.351     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: February 26th, 2018
Gene Model: November 30th, 2018
19 days agocyp12 cytochrome P450 12:
2.06
GRMZM2G091588
Huang, HL et al. 2018. Science of The Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.351     Reference: November 30th, 2018
Gene Product: September 26th, 2016
Variation: January 22nd, 2010
Gene Model: April 30th, 2013
20 days agopebp8 phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein8: florigen activity: complements Arabidopsis FT mutants, promoting flowering at short days. Requires functional id1 gene.(Lazakis et al 2011)
 
GRMZM2G179264
Guo, L et al. 2018. Curr Biol 28:3005-3015     Reference: November 29th, 2018
Gene Product: May 6th, 2011
Variation: June 19th, 2015
Gene Model: May 6th, 2011
20 days agomads1 MADS1: transcripts detected in egg cells and invivo zygotes of maize, also expressed in synergids and antipodal cells. during flower development expressed in all ear spikelet organ primordia at intermediate stages
9.07
   Guo, L et al. 2018. Curr Biol 28:3005-3015     Reference: November 29th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 15th, 2008
20 days agoatp10 ATP synthase10: specifically lacks the plastid ATP synthase; mutants block translation of atpB (cp)and atpA (cp)
 
   Zoschke, R et al. 2013. Plant Cell 25:2265-2275     Reference: February 17th, 2015
Variation: November 29th, 2018
22 days agoatg12 autophagy12: Mutants are phenotypically normal and fertile when grown under nutrient-rich conditions. However, when nitrogen-starved, seedling growth is severely arrested, and as the plants mature, they show enhanced leaf senescence and stunted ear development.
 
GRMZM5G842517
McLoughlin, F et al. 2018. Nature Plants pp.doi: 10.1038/s41477-018-0299-2     Reference: November 27th, 2018
Variation: August 15th, 2017
Gene Model: August 15th, 2017
23 days agofl1 floury endosperm1: (was o4) endosperm opaque, soft; dosage effect with fl1-ref allele, but o4 allele is recessive
2.04
GRMZM2G094532
Vanous, A et al. 2018. Plant Genome 12:170114     Reference: November 26th, 2018
Gene Product: July 8th, 2013
Variation: September 16th, 2010
Gene Model: July 8th, 2013
23 days agoo10 opaque endosperm10: like o1
 
GRMZM2G346263
Vanous, A et al. 2018. Plant Genome 12:170114     Reference: November 26th, 2018
Gene Product: August 20th, 2016
Variation: August 20th, 2016
Gene Model: August 20th, 2016
23 days agoemp16 empty pericarp16: mutant homozyous kernels have empty pericarp and are non-viable.
 
GRMZM2G060516
Vanous, A et al. 2018. Plant Genome 12:170114     Reference: November 26th, 2018
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: January 16th, 2016
Gene Model: January 16th, 2016
26 days agosu1 sugary1: endosperm wrinkled and translucent when dry; starch debranching enzyme I absent in developing endosperm, phytoglycogen but no debranching enzyme in germinating seeds; su1-am sugary-amylaceous; su1-st recessive starchy; application: the "sweet corn" gene - recessive kernels are creamy-sweet at milk stage
4.05
   Baseggio, M et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi:10.3835/plantgenome2018.06.0038     Reference: November 23rd, 2018
Gene Product: April 21st, 2016
Variation: June 6th, 2016
26 days agohggt1 homogentisate geranylgeranyl transferase1: vitamin E synthesis; contributes to variation in levels of tocotrienol (Lipka et al 2013)member of the ubiquitinA (UbiA) prenyltransferase domain containing gene family (Hunter et al., 2018)
 
GRMZM2G173358
Baseggio, M et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi:10.3835/plantgenome2018.06.0038     Reference: November 23rd, 2018
Gene Product: January 8th, 2018
Gene Model: June 26th, 2013
26 days agosxd1 sucrose export defective1: vitamin E synthesis; anthocyanin accumulates in a non-clonal pattern at tip and margins of leaves soon after emergence from whorl; reduced plant height
5.04
   Baseggio, M et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi:10.3835/plantgenome2018.06.0038     Reference: November 23rd, 2018
Gene Product: December 1st, 2012
Variation: August 7th, 2012
26 days agopap19 purple acid phosphatase19: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
1.03
GRMZM2G152447
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap20 purple acid phosphatase20: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
1.03
GRMZM2G152477
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap22 purple acid phosphatase22: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
1.08
GRMZM2G174549
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap31 purple acid phosphatase31: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
2.07
GRMZM5G868679
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agoelm2 elongated mesocotyl2: mutant like elm1; encodes heme oxygenase
 
GRMZM2G101004
Zhang, H et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01520     Reference: November 23rd, 2018
Gene Product: September 24th, 2014
Variation: September 24th, 2014
Gene Model: November 18th, 2013
26 days agopap4 purple acid phosphatase4: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
AC202435.3_FG003
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap5 purple acid phosphatase5: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
AC207043.3_FG004
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap6 purple acid phosphatase6: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G007754
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap7 purple acid phosphatase7: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G073860
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap8 purple acid phosphatase8: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G077466
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap9 purple acid phosphatase9: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G096363
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap10 purple acid phosphatase10: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM5G826216
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap11 purple acid phosphatase11: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G106600
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap12 purple acid phosphatase12: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G109071
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap14 purple acid phosphatase14: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G111425
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap16 purple acid phosphatase16: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G138698
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap17 purple acid phosphatase17: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G138756
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap18 purple acid phosphatase18: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G141584
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap21 purple acid phosphatase21: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G157027
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap24 purple acid phosphatase24: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G326625
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap26 purple acid phosphatase26: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G366607
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap27 purple acid phosphatase27: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G386998
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap29 purple acid phosphatase29: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G434170
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap30 purple acid phosphatase30: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM5G831009
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agopap32 purple acid phosphatase32: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM5G881649
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
26 days agovte4 vitamin E synthesis4:
5.06
GRMZM2G035213
Baseggio, M et al. 2018. Plant Genome pp.doi:10.3835/plantgenome2018.06.0038     Reference: November 23rd, 2018
Gene Product: June 26th, 2013
Gene Model: June 26th, 2013
26 days agopap13 purple acid phosphatase13: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
7.03
GRMZM2G109405
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 23rd, 2018
28 days agoacp1 acid phosphatase1: electrophoretic mobility; cytosolic; dimericencodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
9.03
AC211394.4_FG004
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
28 days agopap25 purple acid phosphatase25: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
   Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
28 days agopap28 purple acid phosphatase28: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
   Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
28 days agoumc2224  :
1.01
GRMZM2G076062
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Variation: February 1st, 2017
Gene Model: April 28th, 2016
28 days agopap15 purple acid phosphatase15: similar to Arabidopsis purple acid phosphatase 27encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
1.06
GRMZM2G136453
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: June 21st, 2017
28 days agopht1 phosphate transporter protein1:
5.03
GRMZM2G326707
Sun, YL et al. 2018. Proteome Science 16:19     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: June 16th, 2016
Variation: February 4th, 2011
Gene Model: May 27th, 2015
28 days agopht2 phosphate transporter protein2:
1.08
GRMZM2G154090
Sun, YL et al. 2018. Proteome Science 16:19     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: June 16th, 2016
Variation: February 4th, 2011
Gene Model: May 27th, 2015
28 days agomecs2 methyl erythritol cyclodiphosphate synthase2:
 
AC209374.4_FG002
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: October 4th, 2014
Gene Model: October 4th, 2014
28 days agopht9 phosphate transporter protein9:
 
GRMZM2G070087
Sun, YL et al. 2018. Proteome Science 16:19     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: June 16th, 2016
Gene Model: June 16th, 2016
28 days agonc1 Na+ content1: loss-of-function allele confers increased accumulation of Na+ in leaves, and salt hypersensitivity.
 
GRMZM2G047616
Li, PC et al. 2018. Planta pp.doi: 10.1007/s00425-018-3043-2     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 15th, 2017
Variation: November 15th, 2017
Gene Model: November 15th, 2017
28 days agopap1 purple acid phosphatase1: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G093101
Sun, YL et al. 2018. Proteome Science 16:19     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 21st, 2018
28 days agopap23 purple acid phosphatase23: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G315848
Gonzalez Munoz, E et al. 2015. Frontiers Plant Sci 6:341     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 21st, 2018
28 days agospx1 SPX domain-containing membrane protein1: involved in Pi transport from roots to shoots
 
GRMZM2G166976
Sun, YL et al. 2018. Proteome Science 16:19     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 21st, 2018
28 days agopap2 purple acid phosphatase2: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G134054
Dionisio, G et al. 2011. Plant Physiol 156:1087-110     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 21st, 2018
28 days agopap3 purple acid phosphatase3: encodes a metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters and anhydrides under acidic conditions.
 
GRMZM2G014193
Dionisio, G et al. 2011. Plant Physiol 156:1087-110     Reference: November 21st, 2018
Gene Product: November 21st, 2018
Gene Model: November 21st, 2018
29 days agoad1 adherent1: seedling leaves, tassel branches, and occasionally top leaves adhere
1.08
   Kempton, JH. 1921. USDA Bull 925:1-28     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: November 20th, 2018
29 days agobz1 bronze1: modifies purple aleurone and plant color to pale or reddish brown; anthers yellow-fluorescent; allele bz1-m4 = sh1-bz1-m4; SSR phi017NCBI: UDPG-flavonoid 3-oxy glucosyl transferase
9.02
   Li, Y-J et al. 2018. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcy123     Reference: July 4th, 2018
Gene Product: July 4th, 2018
Variation: November 20th, 2018

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