Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is July 16th, 2019.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
yesterdayhex3 hexokinase3:
8.05
   Aguilera-Alvarado, GP et al. 2019. BMC Plant Biology 19:27     Reference: January 15th, 2019
Gene Product: September 15th, 2013
Variation: August 15th, 2019
yesterdaybrd1 brassinosteroid-deficient dwarf1: Mutant plants have essentially no internode elongation and exhibit no etiolation response when germinated in the dark.
 
GRMZM2G103773
Tian, JG et al. 2019. Science 365:658-664     Reference: August 15th, 2019
Gene Product: February 18th, 2012
Variation: March 5th, 2012
Gene Model: February 15th, 2012
4 days agoocl5a outer cell layer5a:
4.04 - 4.05
   Gao, LL et al. 2019. Theor Appl Genet pp.doi: 10.1007/s00122-019-03405-1     Reference: August 12th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 12th, 2019
4 days agoami4 amidase4:
 
GRMZM2G022192
Lehmann, T et al. 2010. Eur J Cell Biol 89:895-905     Reference: June 4th, 2012
Gene Product: June 4th, 2012
Gene Model: August 12th, 2019
4 days agoami2 amidase5:
 
GRMZM5G819320
Lehmann, T et al. 2010. Eur J Cell Biol 89:895-905     Reference: June 4th, 2012
Gene Product: June 4th, 2012
Gene Model: August 12th, 2019
4 days agoami3 amidase3:
5.07
GRMZM2G159542
Lehmann, T et al. 2010. Eur J Cell Biol 89:895-905     Reference: June 4th, 2012
Gene Product: June 4th, 2012
Gene Model: August 12th, 2019
5 days agoami1 amidase1:
 
GRMZM2G169087
Lehmann, T et al. 2010. Eur J Cell Biol 89:895-905   AT1G08980 (TAIR) Reference: June 4th, 2012
Gene Product: June 4th, 2012
Gene Model: August 11th, 2019
5 days agoami5 amidase2:
 
GRMZM2G448233
Lehmann, T et al. 2010. Eur J Cell Biol 89:895-905   AT1G08980 (TAIR) Reference: June 4th, 2012
Gene Product: June 4th, 2012
Gene Model: August 11th, 2019
6 days agoumc1419  :
2.00 - 2.01
GRMZM2G064202
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 10th, 2019
6 days agoacd6 accelerated cell death ortholog6: knockout mutants are more susceptible to Ustilago maydis infection
 
GRMZM2G123977
Zhang, ZQ et al. 2019. Plant Signal Behav pp.doi: 10.1080/15592324.2019.1651604   At4g14400 (TAIR) Reference: August 10th, 2019
Gene Product: August 10th, 2019
Variation: August 10th, 2019
Gene Model: August 10th, 2019
8 days agonfe101 nucleosome/chromatin assembly factor group E (ACF1 homologs) 101:
5.05
GRMZM2G337749
Gendler, K et al. 2008. Nucl Acid Res 36:D298-302     Reference: August 8th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 8th, 2019
9 days agoincw5 invertase cell wall5:
 
GRMZM2G095725
Zhao, HB et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:3807   LOC_Os04g33740 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: August 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 12th, 2018
Variation: August 16th, 2017
Gene Model: August 16th, 2017
9 days agoinvinh1 invertase inhibitor1: Interacts with incw5 (Zhao et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G162447
Zhao, HB et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:3807     Reference: August 7th, 2019
Gene Product: August 7th, 2019
Gene Model: August 7th, 2019
10 days agonactf135 NAC-transcription factor 135: confers enhanced sensitivity to ABA and osmotic stress
 
   He, L et al. 2019. J Agric Food Chem pp.doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02331     Reference: August 6th, 2019
Gene Product: July 8th, 2019
11 days agophot1 blue-light receptor phototropin 1: cDNA sequence similar to Arabidopsis NPH1, (GenBank AF039864, AF053941) protein involved in phototropism; SSR umc1062
3.09
   Suzuki, H et al. 2019. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/erz344     Reference: August 5th, 2019
Gene Product: May 13th, 2014
Variation: May 23rd, 2005
12 days agoc3h48 C3H-transcription factor 348: similar to zinc finger CCCH domain-containing protein 46 of A. thaliana
3.09 - 3.10
GRMZM2G044004
Yilmaz, A et al. 2009. Plant Physiol 149:171-180     Reference: May 12th, 2011
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 4th, 2019
13 days agoemp5 empty pericarp5: encodes a mitochondrion-targeted DYW subgroup pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein; mutant has empty pericarp phenotype
 
GRMZM2G060536
Wang, Y et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics 15:e1008305     Reference: August 3rd, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: March 12th, 2013
Gene Model: March 11th, 2013
13 days agoemp21 empty pericarp21:
 
GRMZM5G849971
Wang, Y et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics 15:e1008305     Reference: August 3rd, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: August 3rd, 2019
Gene Model: August 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP2554  :
9.07
GRMZM2G169384
Wang, Y et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics 15:e1008305     Reference: August 3rd, 2019
Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: January 24th, 2019
15 days agoserk2 somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase2: a single copy DNA with homology to carrot and Arabidopsis SERK genes;SSR umc2304
5.05
   Anderson, AA, et al. 2019. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00840   AT1G71830 (TAIR)
LOC_Os04g38480 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: August 1st, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 11th, 2015
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 8th, 2008
15 days agodek5 defective kernel5: shrunken endosperm; white seedling with green stripes
3.02
GRMZM2G083374
Zhang, JY, et al. 2019. J Cell Biol. 0:doi: 10.1083/jcb.201807166.     Reference: August 1st, 2019
Gene Product: June 28th, 2019
Variation: June 27th, 2019
Gene Model: June 27th, 2019
15 days agolgn1 liguleless narrow1: Mutant leaves are narrow and branching in the inflorescence is reduced.
 
GRMZM2G134382
Anderson, AA, et al. 2019. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00840     Reference: August 1st, 2019
Gene Product: July 10th, 2019
Variation: January 15th, 2016
Gene Model: January 3rd, 2013
15 days agoepr4 endochitinase precursor4: involved in inducing pathogen defenses and suppressing herbivore defenses
 
GRMZM2G129189
Anderson, AA, et al. 2019. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00840     Reference: August 1st, 2019
Variation: July 14th, 2016
Gene Model: July 14th, 2016
15 days agosol1 sympathy for the ligule1: Mo17-contributed allele suppressed Lgn1-R mutant phenotypes
1.04 - 1.04
GRMZM2G075262
Anderson, AA, et al. 2019. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00840   AT5G05190 (TAIR) Reference: August 1st, 2019
Gene Product: June 21st, 2019
Variation: June 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 16th, 2017
15 days agobsu1 brassinosteroid insensitive suppressor protein1:
 
GRMZM2G028700
Anderson, AA, et al. 2019. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00840   AT1G08420 (TAIR) Reference: August 1st, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: June 21st, 2019
15 days agomkp1 MAP kinase phosphatase1:
 
GRMZM2G005350
Anderson, AA, et al. 2019. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00840   AT3G55270 (TAIR) Reference: August 1st, 2019
Gene Product: June 21st, 2019
Gene Model: June 21st, 2019
17 days agome3 NADP malic enzyme3: chloroplast C4-photosynthesis, delivers CO2 to ribulose bisphosphate carboylase
3.02
   Bovdilova, A et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00406     Reference: July 30th, 2019
Gene Product: June 27th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
17 days agosmk9 small kernel9: mutants exhibit delayed endosperm and embryo development
 
GRMZM2G420723
Pan, ZY et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi; 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110205     Reference: July 30th, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: July 30th, 2019
Gene Model: July 30th, 2019
18 days agoppr405 pentatricopeptide repeat protein405: mutants exhibit embryo lethality and albinism
7.04
GRMZM2G158452
Yuan, NN et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110203     Reference: July 29th, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: July 29th, 2019
Gene Model: July 29th, 2019
20 days agobhlh43 bHLH-transcription factor 43: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
1.08
GRMZM2G165042
Wu, GX et al. 2019. Plant Physiol pp.doi; 10.1104/pp.19.00239     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 6th, 2017
20 days agophyB1 phytochromeB1: phyB1 mutants have elongated mesocotyl under red light. Double mutant with phyB2 is pale, narrow with elongated leaf blades, elongated internodes, less anthocyanin in sheath tissues, and earlier flowering time.
1.03
   Wu, GX et al. 2019. Plant Physiol pp.doi; 10.1104/pp.19.00239     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: October 24th, 2007
Variation: February 1st, 2015
20 days agopif3 phytochrome interacting factor3: ortholog of Arabidopsis PIF3; nuclear localized protein; transgenic expression in rice suggest role in stress response (Gao Y et al 2015)
 
GRMZM2G387528
Wu, GX et al. 2019. Plant Physiol pp.doi; 10.1104/pp.19.00239   AT1G09530 (TAIR)
LOC_Os05g04740 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Gene Model: May 26th, 2015
20 days agophyB2 phytochromeB2: phyB2 mutant is early flowering. Double mutant with phyB1 is pale, narrow with elongated leaf blades and elongated internodes, and contains less anthocyanin in sheath tissues.
9.05
   Wu, GX et al. 2019. Plant Physiol pp.doi; 10.1104/pp.19.00239     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: October 24th, 2007
Variation: January 11th, 2013
20 days agolaz1 lazarus ortholog1: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
7.03
GRMZM2G025242
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: September 10th, 2018
20 days agoexpb4 beta expansin4:
7.02
GRMZM2G154178
Wu, GX et al. 2019. Plant Physiol pp.doi; 10.1104/pp.19.00239     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Variation: May 31st, 2010
Gene Model: March 2nd, 2016
20 days agolaz2 lazarus ortholog2: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G498656
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz3 lazarus ortholog3: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G122045
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz4 lazarus ortholog4: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G100419
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz5 lazarus ortholog5: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G035445
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz6 lazarus ortholog6: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G071688
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz7 lazarus ortholog7: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G078238
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz8 lazarus ortholog8: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G373717
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
20 days agolaz9 lazarus ortholog9: functions as a transmembrane organic solute transporter (Liu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G082181
Liu, BL et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-10008-z     Reference: July 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2019
Gene Model: July 27th, 2019
21 days agoago18a argonaute18a:
2.07
   Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
21 days agoago108 argonaute108:
5.01
GRMZM2G461936
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: September 11th, 2007
Gene Model: August 13th, 2016
21 days agoago18b argonaute18b: mutant affects length of central tassel branch
1.08
GRMZM2G457370
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: September 7th, 2017
Gene Model: August 12th, 2016
21 days agorgd2 ragged seedling2: mutant expression is variable from reduced midrib/moderately narrow leaf to filamentous or even radial leaves
1.04
GRMZM5G852170
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: July 6th, 2010
Gene Model: August 17th, 2017
21 days agoago1d argonaute1d: Ortholog of Arabidopsis ago1
 
GRMZM2G361518
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27   AT1G48410 (TAIR) Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Gene Model: February 6th, 2016
21 days agoago1a argonaute1a: Ortholog of Arabidopsis ago1
 
GRMZM2G441583
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27   AT1G48410 (TAIR) Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Gene Model: February 6th, 2016
21 days agoago2b argonaute2b:
 
GRMZM2G354867
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Gene Model: August 13th, 2016
21 days agoago4a argonaute4a:
 
GRMZM2G589579
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Gene Model: August 13th, 2016
21 days agoago5b argonaute5b:
 
GRMZM2G059033
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Gene Model: August 13th, 2016
21 days agoago5c argonaute5c:
 
GRMZM2G123063
Zhai, LH et al. 2019. Hereditas 156:27     Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Gene Model: August 13th, 2016
21 days agoxa21 Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae resistance ortholog21: transgenic rice showed enhanced resistance to bacterial blight
 
GRMZM2G389948
Gao, Y et al. 2019. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 108:101429   LOC_Os11g29790 (MSU/TIGR)
Os11g0559200 (Gramene)
Reference: July 26th, 2019
Gene Product: July 10th, 2019
Gene Model: July 26th, 2019
22 days agoprh3 protein phosphatase homolog3:
 
GRMZM2G059453
He, ZH et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:E3573     Reference: July 25th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 18th, 2016
22 days agoprh4 protein phosphatase homolog4:
 
GRMZM2G166297
He, ZH et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:E3573     Reference: July 25th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 18th, 2016
22 days agoprh8 protein phosphatase homolog8:
 
GRMZM2G122228
He, ZH et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:E3573     Reference: July 25th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 18th, 2016
23 days agorap2 rap2.7 orthologue: negative regulator of flowering time; vgt1 acts as an enhancer (Salvi et al. 2007)
8.06
GRMZM2G700665
Li, JP et al. 2019. Frontiers Plant Sci 10:820     Reference: July 24th, 2019
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: July 24th, 2019
Gene Model: November 20th, 2012
23 days agosmk4 small kernel4: exclusively localized in mitochondria; mutant abolishes C-to-U editing at position 1489 of the cytochrome c oxidase1 (cox1) transcript, causing an amino acid change from serine to proline at 497
 
GRMZM2G459532
Wang, H-C et al. 2019. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12856     Reference: July 24th, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: July 24th, 2019
Gene Model: July 24th, 2019
28 days agopza02421  :
4.08
   Bishop, EH et al. 2019. Genomics pp.doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.07.009     Reference: July 19th, 2019
Gene Product: November 11th, 2017
Variation: September 25th, 2007
28 days agogras10 GRAS-transcription factor 10: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
5.06
GRMZM2G110579
Yilmaz, A et al. 2009. Plant Physiol 149:171-180     Reference: May 12th, 2011
Variation: July 19th, 2019
Gene Model: July 19th, 2019
28 days agobaf1 barren stalk fastigiate1: ear shoots often absent, or distorted and fused to culm at base; tassel branches erect, bundled, fused to culm at base
9.02
GRMZM2G072274
Bishop, EH et al. 2019. Genomics pp.doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.07.009   LOC_Os06g04540 (MSU/TIGR)
Os06g0136900 (Gramene)
Reference: July 19th, 2019
Gene Product: November 11th, 2017
Variation: August 15th, 2011
Gene Model: December 8th, 2014
28 days agoIDP665  :
9.04
AC225193.3_FG003
Bishop, EH et al. 2019. Genomics pp.doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.07.009     Reference: July 19th, 2019
Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: January 22nd, 2019
29 days agophd13 PHD-transcription factor 13: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
4.05
GRMZM2G059266
Yilmaz, A et al. 2009. Plant Physiol 149:171-180     Reference: May 12th, 2011
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 18th, 2019
30 days agobnlg1160  :
3.06
GRMZM2G071705
Villajuana-Bonequi, M et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:10227     Reference: July 17th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: March 21st, 2018
30 days agoumc1323  : NCBI: F-box/LRR-repeat protein 17-like
1.05
GRMZM2G100121
Villajuana-Bonequi, M et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:10227     Reference: July 17th, 2019
Variation: October 18th, 2016
Gene Model: October 20th, 2016
30 days agotubtf6 TUB-transcription factor 6: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Villajuana-Bonequi, M et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:10227     Reference: July 17th, 2019
Gene Product: September 29th, 2015
30 days agocyc9 cyclin9:
 
GRMZM2G017081
Villajuana-Bonequi, M et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:10227     Reference: July 17th, 2019
Gene Product: June 26th, 2009
Variation: June 6th, 2016
Gene Model: June 6th, 2016
30 days agotubtf9 TUB-transcription factor 9: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
5.06
GRMZM2G115701
Villajuana-Bonequi, M et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:10227     Reference: July 17th, 2019
Gene Product: September 29th, 2015
Gene Model: September 29th, 2015

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